Historical NIC Employment Allowance claims still possible
In the Budget of 2013, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, announced that as from 6th April 2014 employers would be entitled to claim an Employment Allowance of £2,000 a year as a reduction in their Class 1 secondary (employers’) NIC liability (not against Class 1A or 1B). At the time it was introduced the Employment Allowance was expected to benefit 1.25 million businesses, 98% of which were SME’s with fewer than 250 employees. It was anticipated that the allowance would wipe out the NIC bill of 450,000 small employers and one third of employers would pay no employers NIC at all.
For 2014/15 and 2015/16 the Employment Allowance was worth £2,000, meaning that every business could employ someone on a salary of £22,400 and £22,600 respectively without attracting employers NIC.
PSC’s within IR35 could claim the allowance only against employers NIC due on actual payment of earnings. The NIC due in respect of the 5th April deemed payment is not covered by the allowance.
Then in the summer Budget 2015 it was announced that the allowance would increase to £3,000 but at the same time would be withdrawn for one employee (or director) companies. Clearly this affected the majority of PSC’s.
Changes from 6th April 2016
From 06.04.16, limited companies where the director is the only employee paid earnings above the employers threshold for Class 1 NIC are no longer able to claim the Employment Allowance. This was designed to dissuade a sole director from employing their spouse and paying them the equivalent of the lower limit for NIC to qualify for the allowance. However, the knock on effect of this is that a company that has a number of employees and a sole director, and the director is the only person paid above the employers NIC threshold, is no longer able to claim the Employment Allowance.
Not too late to claim
In 2014/15 only around 80% of qualifying employers made an initial claim for the Employment Allowance. If you were one of those, then all is not lost as you have up to four years after the end of the tax year to make a claim. So, for 2014/15, you have until 5th April 2019 to claim what is rightfully yours. To do so, submit an Employer Payment Summary (EPS) via RTI reporting and enter the year for which the claim relates to. HMRC should then issue the employer with the appropriate repayment of NIC but do remember you will have had to have paid at least £2,000 employers NIC for the relevant year to be able to reclaim the maximum allowance.
Further Economic Support
On Sunday 31st October 2020 the Government announced a number of updates to existing economic support measures. The full details of these measures are reported HERE (https://www.gov.uk/government/news/furlough-scheme-extended-and-further-economic-support-announced ).
Updates to the Job Support Scheme
The Government has published detailed information about the scheme HERE (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-job-support-scheme/the-job-support-scheme )
Accounting for Limited Company Property Investments
It can be a complex decision for clients when it comes to determining how best to utilise existing Contractor Limited Company funds in a Property Investment Company